Sciatica: Introduction FeedbackA general introduction to Sciatica.Source: NHS Choices, 15 Aug 2012
Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve.
The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It runs from the back of your pelvis, through your buttocks, and all the way down both legs, ending at your feet.
When something compresses or irritates the sciatic nerve, it can cause a pain that radiates out from your lower back and travels down your leg to your calf. Sciatic pain can range from being mild to very painful.
Read more about the symptoms of sciatica.
Causes of sciatica
A slipped disc is the most common identified cause of sciatica, but in some cases there is no obvious cause.
Less common causes include spinal stenosis (narrowing of the nerve passages in the spine), injury, infection or a growth in the spine.
Read more about the causes of sciatica.
When to see your GP
Most people find their sciatic pain goes away naturally within a few days or weeks. However, see your GP if:
- you experience any other symptoms together with your back and leg pain, such as weight loss or loss of bladder or bowel control
- you experience increasingly more pain and discomfort
- your pain is too severe to manage with self-help measures
In these cases, your GP should check whether there is a more serious problem causing your pain.
Read more about how sciatica is diagnosed.
Most cases of short-term (known as acute) sciatica will pass without the need for treatment. A combination of things you can do at home, such as taking over-the-counter painkillers, exercise and hot or cold packs can usually relieve the symptoms.
For persistent sciatica (known as chronic), you may be advised to try a structured exercise programme under the supervision of a physiotherapist. In very rare cases, surgery may be needed to control the symptoms.
Read more about how sciatica is treated.
There are some steps you can take to minimise your risk of a slipped disc or back injury that could lead to sciatica. This includes:
- better posture and lifting techniques at work
- stretching before and after exercise
- simple, regular exercises to improve flexibility
Read more about preventing sciatica.
Sciatica: Guidance FeedbackThe most relevant search results for Sciatica from producers of guidance information.
Information for the public
Sciatica: Information for the public FeedbackThe most relevant search results for Sciatica, from Department of Health accredited producers of patient information.
Sciatica: Evidence Uncertainty FeedbackThe most relevant search results for Sciatica, highlighting areas where further research is needed.
- UK Database of Uncertainties about the Effects of Treatments, 11 October 2013
- UK Database of Uncertainties about the Effects of Treatments, 15 December 2009
Sciatica: Medicines FeedbackAppropriate medicines information for Sciatica supplied by Datapharm, a leading source of trusted, credible information about medicines.
Sciatica - Medicines Information
- Anadin Ibuprofen (a brand of Ibuprofen)
- Anadin Paracetamol (a brand of Paracetamol)
- Brufen (a brand of Ibuprofen)
- Calprofen (a brand of Ibuprofen)
- Cuprofen (a brand of Ibuprofen)
- DHC Continus (a brand of Dihydrocodeine Tartrate)
- Diclofenac potassium
- Diclofenac sodium
- Dicloflex (a brand of Diclofenac Sodium)
- Diclomax (a brand of Diclofenac Sodium)
- Dihydrocodeine Tartrate
- Dihydrocodeine Tartrate/Paracetamol
- Dromadol (a brand of Tramadol Hydrochloride)
- Econac (a brand of Diclofenac Sodium)
- Emflex (a brand of Acemetacin)
- Eucalyptus/Terpineol/Methyl salicylate/Menthol/Camphor
- Flurbiprofen (a generic version of Froben)
- Generic Sciargo tablets
- Hedex Ibuprofen (a brand of Ibuprofen)
- Hydroxyethyl salicylate/Methyl nicotinate (a generic version of Ralgex Heat Spray)
- Hydroxyethyl salicylate/Methyl nicotinate/Capsicum oleoresin (a generic version of Ralgex Cream)
- Indolar (a brand of Indometacin)
- Ketocid (a brand of Ketoprofen)
- Ketovail (a brand of Ketoprofen)
- Larapam (a brand of Tramadol Hydrochloride)
- Motifene (a brand of Diclofenac Sodium)
- Neurontin (a brand of Gabapentin)
- Orudis (a brand of Ketoprofen)
- Oruvail (a brand of Ketoprofen)
- Pain Relief balm
- Panadol (a brand of Paracetamol)
- Paracetamol/Tramadol hydrochloride
- Pardelprin (a brand of Indometacin)
- Ralgex cream
- Ralgex Heat spray
- Remedeine (a brand of Dihydrocodeine Tartrate , a brand of Paracetamol)
- Surgam (a brand of Tiaprofenic Acid)
- Tiaprofenic Acid
- Tramacet (a brand of Paracetamol , a brand of Tramadol Hydrochloride)
- Tramadol hydrochloride
- Tylex (a brand of Codeine , a brand of Paracetamol)
- Voltarol Rapid (a brand of Diclofenac Potassium)
- Zamadol (a brand of Tramadol Hydrochloride)
- Results are currently sorted by relevance (Sort results by: date)
- Results 1 - 10 (of 700)
...Clinical Topic A-Z Clinical Speciality Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy) Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy) D012585Sciatica...2009-11-16Last revised in November 2009 Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy) - Summary Sciatica...
Clinical Knowledge Summaries, 16 November 2009
...Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica Inge Wegner 1,* , Indah S Widyahening...Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...with low-back pain with and without sciatica Traction compared with placebo, sham...
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 19 August 2013 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
...active for acute low-back pain and sciatica Kristin Thuve Dahm 1,* , Kjetil...active for acute low-back pain and sciatica. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...compared to advice to stay active for sciatica Background Top of page Summary...
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 16 June 2010 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
...toxin injections for low-back pain and sciatica Zeeshan Waseem 1,* , Chris Boulias...toxin injections for low-back pain and sciatica. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...female with non-specific LBP and/or sciatica were included. LBP was defined as...
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 19 January 2011 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
...Search Patient.co.uk Home Professional Reference Low Back Pain and Sciatica Low Back Pain and Sciatica Tweet Our resources on Low Back Pain and Sciatica This article Article more Related Related more Support Support...
Patient UK, 04 May 2013
...imaging in follow-up assessment of sciatica. Links Author(s) el Barzouhi...herniation and persistent symptoms of sciatica. The association between findings on...surgery and prolonged conservative care for sciatica and lumbar-disk herniation. Patients...
Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 01 March 2013 - Publisher: The New England journal of medicine
Adalimumab in acute sciatica reduces the long-term need for surgery: a 3-year follow-up of a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial.
...Ltd. Title Adalimumab in acute sciatica reduces the long-term need for surgery...injections of adalimumab in severe acute sciatica significantly reduced the number of back...short-term benefit of adalimumab in sciatica is sustained over a longer period of...
Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 01 April 2012 - Publisher: Annals of the rheumatic diseases
Prolonged conservative care versus early surgery in patients with sciatica from lumbar disc herniation: cost utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial
...versus early surgery in patients with sciatica from lumbar disc herniation: cost utility...conservative care, for adult patients, with sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation. One...were similar but faster recovery from sciatica meant that early surgery was likely to...
NHS Economic Evaluation Database, 20 May 2009 - Publisher: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination - Publication type: Economic evaluation
The efficacy of systematic active conservative treatment for patients with severe sciatica: a single-blind, randomized, clinical, controlled trial.
...conservative treatment for patients with severe sciatica: a single-blind, randomized, clinical...treatment programs for patients with severe sciatica. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Reviews...modalities in patients suffering from sciatica. The results for surgery are conflicting...
Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 01 April 2012 - Publisher: Spine
Tubular diskectomy vs conventional microdiskectomy for the treatment of lumbar disk-related sciatica: cost utility analysis alongside a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
...the treatment of lumbar disk-related sciatica: cost utility analysis alongside a double...frequently performed surgery for patients with sciatica caused by lumbar disk herniation. Transmuscular...325 patients with lumbar disk related sciatica lasting >6 to 8 weeks at 7 Dutch hospitals...
Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 01 October 2011 - Publisher: Neurosurgery
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