Barfield WD (2012) Levels of neonatal care. Pediatrics 130: 587-597
Provision of risk-appropriate care for newborn infants and mothers was first proposed in 1976. This policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics provides a review of data supporting evidence for a tiered provision of care and reaffirms the need for uniform, nationally applicable definitions and consistent standards of service for public health to improve neonatal outcomes in the USA. Facilities that provide hospital care for newborn infants should be classified on the basis of functional capabilities, and these facilities should be organized within a regionalized system of perinatal care.