[PDF] Application of continuous positive airway pressure to neonates via nasal prongs, nasopharyngeal tube, or nasal mask : 2004 revision and update

Source:
American Association for Respiratory Care
Publisher:
American Association for Respiratory Care
Publication date:
31 August 2004

Abstract

Czervinske M (2004) Application of continuous positive airway pressure to neonates via nasal prongs, nasopharyngeal tube, or nasal mask : 2004 revision and update. Respiratory Care 49: 1100-1108.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the application of positive pressure to the airways of the spontaneously breathing patient throughout the respiratory cycle. It maintains inspiratory and expiratory pressures above ambient pressure, resulting in increased functional residual capacity (FRC), improvement in static lung compliance, and decreased airway resistance in the infant with unstable lung mechanics.