This guide to monitoring and evaluation has been developed to assist the management of TB and HIV control programmes to implement collaborative TB/HIV activities. It is intended to facilitate the collection of standardized data and help in the interpretation and dissemination of these data for programme improvement. It also aims to ensure consistency across all agencies and stakeholders involved in HIV, TB and collaborative TB/HIV activities, avoiding duplication of effort in data collection by providing a core set of internationally accepted and standardized indicators for monitoring and evaluating programme performance. These indicators have been developed in collaboration with the 2008 PEPFAR revision process of TB/HIV indicators and are also incorporated into the latest monitoring and evaluation tool kit (2009 version) produced by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM). The data collected using these standardized indicators will provide further evidence of the benefits of collaborative TB/HIV activities. It is expected that these
indicators will also ensure harmonization of data collection for various partners and donors. Data collection and reporting should be integrated into a single existing national M&E system wherever possible, in accordance with the “Three Ones” principles. This guide does not detail the information required by programmes to monitor progress towards expanding the Stop TB Strategy or services for HIV prevention, care and treatment, since this is well documented elsewhere. However, much of the information gathered for these two purposes will be of assistance in the overall M&E of collaborative TB/HIV activities. Universal access to TB/HIV collaborative activities necessitates both programmes scaling up their activities to detect and treat both diseases in the same manner. The new case-finding indicator in this guide is designed to monitor progress towards this element of universal access.