Making collective decisions faces new challenges in the 21st Century: a growing expectation for evidence-informed decisions for public policy; policy support for involving relevant stakeholders from different backgrounds; and economic pressures which limit time and resources. These changes raise specific questions about decision-making committees: What does the evidence tell us about the effectiveness and efficiency of committee work?
Specific questions are raised about:
The composition and working environment
The skills and competencies of a committee chair
Committee processes regarding timescales, support tools, media for communication, equity, and training
This review was commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) from its Research Support Unit (a multi-disciplinary academic unit based at the UCL Institute of Education (IOE)) to provide a rapid assessment of the evidence for the impact of the structure and management of committees on decision making and outputs.