One of eight briefings in the Violence Prevention: The Evidence series produced by WHO and the Centre for Public Health. The series summarises the evidence for interventions to prevent interpersonal and self-directed violence, providing clear directions for how violence prevention funders, policy makers and programme implementers can boost the impact of their violence prevention efforts.
In addition to physical injury, violence can lead to life-long mental and physical health problems, social and occupational impairment and increased risk of being a victim and/or perpetrator of further violence. Interventions to identify victims of interpersonal violence and provide effective care and support are, therefore, critical for protecting health and breaking cycles of violence from one generation to the next. Evidence for such interventions is currently promising but remains limited in two respects: first, most of it comes from the united States and other developed countries and, second, there is insufficient research on the long-term effects of such interventions.