In 2011, nearly a fifth of all car occupants killed or seriously injured were young car drivers aged 17-25 years. However, young drivers were the only age group of drivers for which car occupant fatalities did not increase. For this age group there were 265 fatalities in 2011, a 6% fall from 2010 and 50% fall from the 2005-9 average. These reductions may reflect the proportion of young drivers with a licence which has decreased since the early 1990s. Evidence from a range of studies suggests that young drivers may overrate their driving ability and see driving as a matter of ‘natural talent’ which can be judged by how confident a driver feels. This has important implications for understanding young drivers’ attitudes in relation to road safety.