This report from the Maternal, Newborn and Infant Clinical Outcome Review Programme finds that the rate of term, singleton, intrapartum stillbirth and intrapartum-related neonatal death has more than halved since these deaths were last reviewed nationally in 1993. It concludes that despite the fall in the mortality rate these deaths remain an important group for concern because, in the vast majority of cases, the mother was directly receiving maternity care when the baby died or when the event in labour or birth occurred which led to the ba by’s death.