Concussion guidelines for the education sector

Royal College of Emergency Medicine - RCEM
Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine (FSEM);Royal College of Emergency Medicine;Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS)
Publication date:
01 June 2015


These guidelines are designed for professionals working in the education sector and, while they are aimed at school-aged children, can also be applied to over 18s in the absence of other advice.

  • Concussion is a brain injury caused by a blow to the head or body which leads to shaking of the brain
  • Concussion results in a disturbance in brain function that can affect a child or young person’s thinking, memory, mood, behaviour and level of consciousness. It can produce a wide range of physical symptoms and signs such as headache, dizziness and unsteadiness
  • Concussion often occurs without loss of consciousness
  • Most concussions recover with a period of physical and mental rest