Adjunctive perampanel in partial-onset seizures: asia-Pacific, randomized phase III study

Source:
Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials
Publisher:
Acta neurologica scandinavica
Publication date:
01 January 2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of perampanel, a selective, non-competitive, a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist, as an adjunctive treatment for patients with refractory partial-onset seizures (POS) from Asia-Pacific.MATERIALS & METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01618695) involved patients aged =12 years with refractory POS (receiving 1-3 antiepileptic drugs). Patients were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive once-daily placebo or perampanel 4, 8, or 12 mg over a 6-week titration and 13-week maintenance double-blind period. Enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs were equally stratified between groups. The primary efficacy endpoint was percent change in POS frequency per 28 days (double-blind phase vs baseline). Other efficacy endpoints included =50% responder rate and seizure freedom. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were also monitored.RESULTS: Of 710 randomized patients, seizure frequency data were available for 704 patients. Median percent changes in POS frequency per 28 days indicated dose-proportional reductions in seizure frequency: -10.8% with placebo and -17.3% (P = .2330), -29.0% (P = .0003), and -38.0% (P < .0001) with perampanel 4, 8, and 12 mg, respectively. In total, 108 (15.3%) patients discontinued treatment; 44 (6.2%) due to TEAEs. TEAEs occurring in =5% of patients, and reported at least twice as frequently with perampanel vs placebo, included dizziness and irritability.CONCLUSIONS: Adjunctive perampanel (8 and 12 mg/d) significantly improved seizure control in patients with refractory POS. Safety and tolerability were acceptable at daily doses of perampanel 4-12 mg.