The 'Chain of Survival' for emergency cardiovascular and cerebrovascular care (ECCC) starts with prompt identification of the condition and early activation of the healthcare system to rapidly initiate care. Unfortunately, despite national efforts that include public education initiatives and clinical practice guideline recommendations from entities such as the American Heart Association (AHA), major gaps remain in the timely identification of symptoms and initiation of ECCC.
The goals of this scientific statement are
This statement principally focuses on current scientific knowledge, as well as limitations and opportunities for leveraging mobile devices, social media, visual sharing, and crowdsourcing to augment ECCC. It is intended to guide future research agendas in this evolving area and to provide guidance to the AHA and other public and scientific entities as they direct resources to improve care and outcomes of patients with emergency cardiovascular conditions.