[PDF] Adverse Outcome Pathway on Inhibition of the mitochondrial complex I of nigro-striatal neurons leading to parkinsonian motor deficits

Source:
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD
Publisher:
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Publication date:
11 October 2018

Abstract

This AOP describes the linkage between inhibition of complex I (CI) of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and motor deficit as in parkinsonian disorders. Binding of an inhibitor to CI has been defined as the molecular initiating event (MIE) that triggers mitochondrial dysfunction, impaired proteostasis, which then cause degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Neuroinflammation is triggered early in the neurodegenerative process and exacerbates it significantly. These causatively linked cellular key events result in motor deficit symptoms, typical for parkinsonian disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD), described as the Adverse Outcome (AO). The weight-of-evidence supporting the relationship between the described key events is based mainly on effects observed after an exposure to the chemicals rotenone and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). This AOP could apply for chemicals having structural similarities to the stressors, chemicals binding to CI and supports the mechanistic biological plausibility in the process of evaluation and integration of the epidemiological studies into the risk assessment.