The assessment, measurement and monitoring of vital signs are important skills for all practitioners working with infants, children and young people. The vital signs covered in this publication include temperature, heart/pulse rate, respiratory rate and effort, and blood pressure. These standards provide criteria for practitioners in achieving high quality nursing care. They will be of help in guiding local policies and procedures in relation to vital sign monitoring, performance improvement programmes and education programmes for registered nurses, nurses in training and health care assistants.